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Brexit: Everything that has happened so far and everything that is going to happen in this historic week

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Brief Brexit history

It is easy to forget that Former Prime Minister David Cameron was the one to get the ball rolling on leaving the European Union (EU). Cameron desired to remain in the EU however pressured by the actions of Eurosceptics in his own party, he attempted to calm them by agreeing to hold a “in-out” referendum. Cameron was confident he would win and the odds were in his favor, however his political gamble did not pay off. The public voted to leave 52-48, resulting in his resignation and paving the way for his successor Theresa May.

May, formerly a “remainer” herself, attempted to deliver Brexit in a deeply divided United Kingdom and she came out the door strong, intent on honoring the people’s vote. In an attempt to gain more seats she held an early election, another political gamble for the tories which didn’t pay off. She lost her majority and had to seek support from the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) in order to govern which came at a huge cost.

With a weakened party, May presents a deal which ultimately rejected by the EU, leaving negotiations at an impasse. May perseveres and manages to avoid being defeated by votes of no confidence from not only the opposition but her own party. Parliament then seized control of the process but failed to agree on an alternative deal. In a last minute desperate attempt, May agreed to step down as soon as her deal was put through. This never happened and on May 24th 2019 Theresa May announced her resignation.

Current Prime Minister, Boris Johnson took office July 2019.

Why does the UK want a deal?

Putting a deal in place ensures the UK has a transition phase in which they could leave the EU with ease. Having a no-deal Brexit would mean all agreements with the EU would stop as soon as the deadline is reached, which is currently October 31. This could potentially cause many problems, some of the major ones being economic shock, severe delays at the border on imports and a hard border in Ireland potentially reigniting unrest and tension that once existed between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. Many have argued that a no-deal would send the UK into a recession and bring back austerity measures, but Eurosceptics have argued this is simply fear mongering and provisions have been made for a no-deal Brexit.

Why did Boris Johnson close parliament?

Johnson, a Brexiter whose words have resonated with many Eurosceptic and far right-wing ideals, has made it clear that he intends to leave the EU on October 31 with or without a deal.

Some have questioned whether he will even try to seek a deal fearing the UK heading straight into a no-deal Brexit. At the end of August Johnson made the shocking move of “proroguing” parliament, essentially shutting down parliament with the aim of making it difficult for them to pass any legislation that would block a no-brexit. The move undermines and interferes with parliamentary sovereignty which is ironically the very thing that Brexiters are fighting for.

Consequently, there has been much uproar from both sides of the fence with many of Johnson’s own party members forming a rebel alliance with the opposition to get legislation through to stop a no-brexit deal.

What’s happening right now?

Johnson’s opponents have been successful in getting enough votes to start pursuing delaying Brexit until next year in order to work out a deal. Johnson has stated his intention to call a general election in order to let the people decide as a result. The next step will be to see if parliament is successful in introducing their cross party bill which will force the Prime Minister to go to Brussels for an extension.

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About Red Dirt Report

Red Dirt Report was launched July 4, 2007 as an independent news website covering all manner of news, culture, entertainment and lifestyle stories that affect and interest Oklahoma readers and readers outside of our state. Our mission is to educate, promote civic engagement and discourse on public policy, government and politics. Our experienced journalists provided balanced in-depth coverage of news stories that affect Oklahomans. Our opinion/editorial stories come from a wide range of political view points. We carry out our mission by reporting, writing, and posting news and information. read more

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